Kidney stones are very often found in many people and we have seen many people suffering from the kidney stones. Not only the suffering is being observed but we must have been in contact or have seen people getting relief from this problem as well.
One from every 20 people develops kidney stones once in a lifetime in his/her stomach. While many of us also do develop these stones but they are usually eliminated through the urine from our bodies unknowingly.
But when they are large and start to produce some other problems like pain, blood in urine etc. then one should see a doctor and get X-rays done in order to find out the real problem.
So, before going further it is important for us to know that actual meaning of kidney stone and the different reasons behind its cause so that we could take prevention in the future.
What are Kidney stones?
A kidney stone is a crystalline and hard material which is made up of minerals which form within our kidneys or in our urinary tracks.
They are usual causes of blood in our urine and sometimes they cause unnatural and unbearable pain in abdomen, groin or flank. They are also termed as renal calculi.
In medical line, a condition of having one or more kidney stones is named as nephrolithiasis. When kidney stones are located in urinary tract then it is called as urolithiasis and when in ureters then called as ureterolithiasis.
Who tends to develop Kidney stones?
There is no particular that who develops kidney stones and who does not but the thing is, anyone can develop this problem. But there are some people who tend to develop more kidney stones as compared to everyone else.
People who are taking certain types of drugs and who are having some particular diseases tend to develop kidney stones often.
As said before that there are two types of stones and Urinary tract stones are one of them, these stones are more developed by men than women. And mostly the development of these stones take place between the ages of 20-50 years of age.
Also people who have developed kidney stones earlier tend to develop further stones again and more commonly than others.
People who resident in the industrial areas face more kidney stones than the bladder stone while people resident of developing areas tend to develop more bladder stones.
This difference arise from the type and difference in the food intake of people of different areas. People living in south or US have high rates of kidney stones, probably because of bad water consumption which further leads to dehydration.
People with the family history of kidney stones are also at risk and have chances to develop kidney stones often and this is found to be true in many cases as well.
High amounts of uric acid in the blood also tend to develop kidney stones and this is termed as hyperuricemia. Sometimes pregnant women can also develop kidney stones and it is observed that chances in pregnancy situations increase the risk of kidney stones in pregnancy.
Some relatable facts to pregnancy and development of kidney stones include slow passage of urine from the body because of increase in progesterone level and a decrease in bladder capacity can also be the reason behind this.
Although there is very few information regarding the formation of kidney stones during pregnancy and above discussion also don’t completely relate with the same.
What are the causes of Kidney Stones?
Before coming to the causes, we need to know about the material of which the formation of kidney stone takes place.
Most of the kidney stone are made up of calcium with phosphate or oxalate. And a majority of these stones are made up of calcium. Compounds other than the calcium can also form kidney stones in the urinary tract, these chemicals include amino acids and magnesium ammonium phosphate.
- Causes of kidney stone include a decrease in the volume of urine or also when there is an excess of stone forming substances in the urine.
- Dehydration is also the cause of formation of kidney stones. While problem in the urinary path or disturbance in the urine flow can also develop stones.
- Climate change like hot and dry climate often causes dehydration, which leads to this problem and drinking proper water during these days become important.
- Kidney stones can also result when there is any kind of infection in the urinary tract and these stones are termed as infection stones or struvite stones.
- Abnormal metabolic activity leads of abnormal composition of urine which increase the chances of formation of kidney stones.
- As said before that there are some particular medical conditions which can give birth to the kidney stones and some are now explained below;
- Gout is a disease which increases the amount of uric acid and in urine and blood which causes kidney stone formation.
- When there is high amount of calcium in the blood is found then it is called as hypercalciuria, which is the reason behind almost half of the cases of stone formation. This problem takes place when high amounts of calcium are absorbed from the food and further entered to urine. This gives birth to calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate kidney stones.
- Diseases directly related to kidneys like renal tubular acidosis and hyperparathyroidism tend to cause kidney stones often.
- People suffering from chronic diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes have very high risks of kidney stone development. Inflammatory bowel disease also have high chances of this disease.
- Some drugs are also responsible for the formation of kidney stones, like HIV treatments drugs or medicines those contain high amount of calcium in them.
- People who undergo surgery or intestinal bypass surgery have high risks of developing kidney stones.
- Food consumption that contain high amounts of vitamin D, sugar, and diets that include high salt in it can become the reason behind development of kidney stones. While dehydration is being the highest risk of this problem.
What are the symptoms of kidney stones?
There are many basic symptoms of kidney stones however the real thing is revealed only after the final tests like X-rays, CT scans and others. Some symptoms of kidney stones are:
- Sudden pain due to Kidney Stone:
You may feel low or extreme pain in your stomach in a side, most of the patients of kidney stones are registered in the emergency wards as they suffer from unbearable pain. Kidney stone pain medically is termed as renal colic. Usually the pain starts due to movement of stone and when it enters to narrow ureter, this also causes blockage that builds pressure in kidney.
This pressure produces movement in the nerve fibers and this transmits pain signals to brain. The pain often starts suddenly and it may come and go again and again. This is due to the movement of ureters which through the stone out, pushing it again and again by contracting.
Each time the pain may start in sudden and may disappear that soon only for a few time and then appear again. You may feel this at your back, below ribs and even in belly. All this is due to the movement of stone through urinary track.
Larger stones comes to be more dangerous and painful for one and these may be difficult to eliminate with the help of only medicines and may require operation. Little stones are also painful and the size of stone sometimes does not create any difference between more and less symptoms of the problem.
Burning and pain during the urination
This is often confused with the urinary tract infection when your feel burning and pain during the urination. There can be both the possibilities of infection along with the kidney stone. Hence you are advised to get checked up for both the problems from nearby medical emergencies in order to prevent the further pain.
When you go to washroom several times
This is also one of the symptoms of kidney stone’s presence and you may feel of going to washroom several times in a while. This is also a sign of movement of stone to lower part of your urinary tract.
Blood in urine
Blood in urine is very normal symbol of the kidney stone and this is also called as hematuria. In this case see your doctor and get to know about the real problem as this can be because of infection as well.
Darker and smelly urine
Healthy urine is normally natural in colour and also have normal odor. Cloudy and smell in urine can be sign of both infection and kidney stones well. Many people with urinary tract infection may not find kidney stones along but researches tell that about 10% of cases come out to be true for this.
Unnatural flow of urine
Unnatural flow means very slow pressure of urine or very less urine at a time but several times. This is due to the reason that sometimes the kidney stone stuck in ureter and disturbs the urine flow. This creates problems in stomach and sometimes unbearable pain as well, gives birth to urinary infections as well.
Vomiting and Nausea
These are the normal symptoms of having a kidney stone as sometimes the stones disturb the GI tract of body and its nerves. This upsets stomach and vomiting happens. This is also a way of body to response towards the bad call of having kidney stones.
Fever and Chill
You may feel lazy and sometimes even feel not to wake up on normal time. The fever may shiver you up and can be about 104 degree F or more than that. This also includes as a symbol of having kidney stone.
Keeping these problems and causes in mind you can come to know about having kidney stones or infections related to the same before the bad time or an emergency arrives. StableJoys!